Cosmos: A Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe (in German Kosmos – Entwurf einer physischen Weltbeschreibung) is an influential treatise on science and nature written by the German scientist and explorer Alexander von Humboldt. Humboldt's legacy and the restoration of science. His factual text, heavily loaded with footnotes and references, was sent in proof sheets to all the various specialists for comments and corrections before publication. Retrieved from, http://search.proquest.com/docview/230005809, "From Alexander von Humboldt to Frederic Edwin Church: Voyages of Scientific Exploration and Artistic Creativity", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cosmos_(Humboldt_book)&oldid=982312065, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 7 October 2020, at 11:28. [25] Sagan's book was also referenced in Congress by Arthur C. Clarke in a speech promoting an end to Cold War anti-ICBM spending, instead arguing that the anti-ICBM budget would be better spent on Mars exploration. [3] Humboldt's attempt to unify the sciences was a major inspiration for Poe's work. I found myself having to re-read certain parts just to get a clear understanding. 3,214 reviews. His account in Cosmos of the propagation of seismic waves also became the basis of modern seismology. Extensions of Remarks - Friday, November 18, 1983, 129 Cong. While considered a geographer, he is accredited with contri… In the second volume he describes the history of science. . [14] The success of Cosmos made Sagan "wealthy as well as famous. Humboldt suggests that when one contemplates the beauty of the cosmos, one can obtain personal inspiration and a beneficial, if subjective, awareness about life. Sagan's role in developing the "Cosmos" series, one of the most successful series of any kind to be broadcast on the Public Broadcasting System, and his book The Dragons of Eden (1977) won the Pulitzer Prize in 1978. [12] However, starting in the 1990s and continuing to date, an upswing in scholarly interest in Humboldt has occurred. [19] Science historian Bruce Lewenstein of Cornell University noted that among science books "Cosmos marked the moment that something different was clearly going on. "[32], "Cosmos (book)" redirects here. In the original edition, each chapter is heavily illustrated. In The New York Times Book Review, novelist James Michener praised Cosmos as "a cleverly written, imaginatively illustrated summary of [Sagan's]... ruminations about our universe... His style is iridescent, with lights flashing upon unexpected juxtapositions of thought. Aaron Sachs, "The Humboldt Current: Nineteenth-Century Exploration and the Roots of American Environmentalism." The book may also be available in the retail store but should call to check first. To represent this double-sided aspect of Cosmos, Humboldt divided his book into two parts, with the first painting a general “portrait of nature.”[1] Humboldt first examines outer space – the Milky Way, cosmic nebulae, and planets – and then proceeds to the Earth and its physical geography; climate; volcanoes; relationships among plants, animals, and mankind; evolution; and the beauty of nature. [1] Humboldt is concerned with “the difference of feeling excited by the contemplation of nature at different epochs,” that is, the attitudes toward natural phenomena among poets, painters, and students of nature through the ages. Its 13 illustrated chapters, corresponding to the 13 episodes of the Cosmos TV series, which the book was co-developed with and intended to complement, explore the mutual development of science and civilization. [4], Humboldt's Cosmos had a significant impact on scientific progress, as well as various scientists and authors throughout Europe and America. [20] Shortly after Cosmos was published, Sagan received a $2 million advance for the novel Contact. He continually looked to his friend and literary advisor Varnhagen von Ense for advice in the matter of his style of writing. [1], In 1828 after the Berlin lectures, Humboldt began formulating his vision in writing. "[27] The American astrophysicist Neil deGrasse Tyson describes "Cosmos" as something "more than Carl Sagan". As he wrote, “it was the discovery of America that planted the seed of the Cosmos.”[3] Due to all of his experience in the field, Humboldt was preeminently qualified for the task to represent the universe in a single work. [1] From the notes he gathered on this journey, Humboldt was able to produce at least thirty volumes based on his observations. [26], Reception for Sagan's work was generally positive. [1], In 1827, having spent himself into poverty publishing his scientific works, his king, Friedrich Wilhelm III, reminded Humboldt of his debt and recalled him to Berlin. [2], In 2013, Cosmos was published in a new edition, with a foreword by Ann Druyan and an essay by Neil deGrasse Tyson. [21] This was the largest release given for an unwritten fiction book at the time. The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. [4] In total Cosmos took twenty-five years to write. The first volume was published in 1845 when he was seventy-six, the second when he was seventy-eight, the third when he was eighty-one, and the fourth when he was eighty-nine. [5], Probably more than any other factor, Humboldt's career was shaped by his travels in South and Central America in the five years from 1799 to 1804. The cosmos (UK: / ˈ k ɒ z m ɒ s /, US: /-m oʊ s /) is the Universe.Using the word cosmos rather than the word universe implies viewing the universe as a complex and orderly system or entity; the opposite of chaos. By the time he wrote Cosmos, Humboldt was an esteemed explorer, cosmographer, biologist, diplomat, engineer, and citizen of the world. Cosmos is not just about the mysteries of space. For other books, see, This article is about the 1980 Carl Sagan book. [4], In the book Humboldt provided observations supporting the elevation crater theory of his friend Leopold von Buch. [4], Since the early years of the nineteenth century, Humboldt had been a world-famous figure, second in renown only to Napoleon. The fifth volume, however, was only half-written when Humboldt died in 1859 and had to be completed from his notes and provided with an index over a thousand pages long.[4]. He reminds readers that "we are all star stuff," and, though it seems humans are currently alone in space, the universe was not created for our race to thrive, but that we are a product of something much larger. "[30] Cornell News Service characterized it as "an overview of how science and civilization grew up together. [11], Although Cosmos and Humboldt's work in general had such a lasting impact on scientific thought, interest in Humboldt's life, work, and ideas over the past two centuries has dwindled in comparison to what it once was. [23], Lewenstein also noted the power of the book as a recruitment tool. Before he died in 1997, over half a billion people saw Cosmos on TV, and it was the best-selling science book ever published in the English language.Some of the science in Cosmos is now out of date. One of Sagan's main purposes for the book and television series was to explain complex scientific ideas to anyone interested in learning. Finished reading "The Book of the Cosmos" by Dennis Danielson. [15] It was only surpassed in the late 1980s by Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time (1988). IMAGE SOURCE- Goodreads Cosmos has 13 heavily illustrated chapters, corresponding to the 13 episodes of … Shortly after release, Cosmos became the best-selling science book ever published in the English language, and was the first science book to sell more than half a million copies. In this way, he aimed to ensure that what he wrote was both accurate and up-to-date. To Humboldt, Cosmos is both ordered and beautiful, through the human mind. This book is a delight to read, and it succeeds in making science lively and engaging. In the book, Sagan explores 15 billion years of cosmic evolution and the … Humboldt soon adds that Cosmos signifies both the “order of the world, and adornment of this universal order.”[7] Thus, there are two aspects of the Cosmos, the “order” and the “adornment.” The first refers to the observed fact that the physical universe, independently of humans, demonstrates regularities and patterns that we can define as laws. [1] Humboldt said that his Cosmos was born on the slopes of the Andes. Though spurred in part by the popularity of the television series, Cosmos became a best-seller by its own regard, reaching hundreds of thousands of readers. [9] Humboldt's work gave a strong impetus to scientific exploration throughout the nineteenth century, inspiring many, including Charles Darwin, who brought some of Humboldt's earlier writings with him on his voyage as the naturalist aboard the Beagle in the 1830s. The reviews were gushing in praise of both the author and his work. [9], Cosmos largely enhanced Humboldt's reputation in his own lifetime, not only in his own country but throughout Europe and America. [3] Beginning in 1828, Humboldt finally gave expression to his concept in his Berlin lectures, and from then on he labored to produce his physical description of the universe in book form. It aims to help us understand the vast and complex world we live in. [3] Edgar Allan Poe was also an admirer of Humboldt, even dedicating his last major work, Eureka: A Prose Poem, to Humboldt. [3], Cosmos has 13 chapters, corresponding to the 13 episodes of the Cosmos television series. Humboldt viewed the world as what the ancient Greeks called a kosmos – “a beautifully ordered and harmonious system” – and coined the modern word “cosmos” to use as the title of his final work. [14] Though spurred in part by the popularity of the television series, Cosmos became a best-seller by its own regard, reaching hundreds of thousands of readers. "[15] Particularly in astronomy and physics, he said, the book inspired many people to become scientists. By the time he wrote Cosmos, Humboldt was an esteemed explorer, cosmographer, biologist, diplomat, engineer, and citizen of the world. Druyan is an author, producer and director who co-wrote Sagan's 1980 PBS documentary series, Cosmos and married him in 1981. [4] Although the natural sciences have diverged from the romantic perspective Humboldt presented in Cosmos, the work is still considered to be a substantial scientific and literary achievement, having influenced subsequent scientific progress and imparted a unifying perspective to the studies of science, nature, and mankind. [31], The U.S. Library of Congress designated Cosmos one of eighty-eight books "that shaped America. [12] German media outlets hailed the largely forgotten Humboldt as a new avatar figure for German national renewal and a model cosmopolitan ambassador of German culture and civilization for the twenty-first century. He wrote one novel, several books and academic papers and the TV series Cosmos, which was reborn on TV in 2014. A look into the depths of space and the history of the universe — Based on “Cosmos”, a book by Carl Sagan. He co-wrote and narrated the television series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage, which was based on his best-selling book. [3] The final three volumes are devoted to a more detailed account of scientific studies in astronomy, the Earth's physical properties, and geological formations. She is probably best-known as the last wife of Carl Sagan, and co-author of the Cosmos series and book, along with Sagan and Steven Soter. [24], The popularity of Sagan's Cosmos has been referenced in arguments supporting increased space exploration spending. [4], However, some felt he had not done justice to the contribution of modern British scientists and many were quick to point out that Humboldt, who had written so exhaustively about the creation of the universe, failed to ever mention God the Creator. For the 1980 Carl Sagan TV series, see. Sagan also believed the television was one of the greatest teaching tools ever invented, so he wished to capitalize on his chance to educate the world. Golden, Frederic, Peter Stoler, and Calif. 1980. 16: 62. As the son of an aristocratic family in Prussia, he received the best education available at the time in Europe, studying under famous thinkers at the universities of Frankfurt and Göttingen. In the second part, on the history of science, Humboldt aims to take the reader on an inner or “subjective” journey through the mind. On many topics, the book encompasses a more concise, refined presentation of previous ideas about which Sagan had written. [3] He created a dynamic picture of the universe that would continually grow and change as human conceptions of nature and the depth of human feeling about nature enlarge and deepen. [1] While considered a geographer, he is accredited with contributing to most of the sciences of the natural world environment found today. The theory in question intended to explain the origin of mountains and retained some popularity among geologists into the 1870s. "The Cosmic Explainer He-e-e-re's Carl, bringing you nothing less than the universe." The book was first published in 1983, as a tie-in to the TV documentary series Carl Sagan's Cosmos [DVD] [1980]. About Cosmos. Cosmos is a 1980 popular science book by astronomer and Pulitzer Prize-winning author Carl Sagan. He wrote many popular science books, such as The Dragons of Eden, Broca's Brain and Pale Blue Dot, and narrated and co-wrote the award-winning 1980 television series Cosmos: A Personal Voyage. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Climbing Andean mountains and exploring Amazonian rainforests, naturalist who wrote Cosmos and was the first to postulate climate change (8) crossword clue. Cosmos spent 50 weeks on the Publishers Weekly best-seller's list, and 70 weeks on the Ne… This was my first Hugh Ross book and I loved it. creased spine/cover, scratches, curled corners, folded pages, sunburn, stains, minor water damage, bent, slightly torn, damaged binding) - The dust jacket, if present, may be marked, and have considerable heavy wear, or might be missing. [1] He had extensive knowledge of many fields of learning, varied experiences as a traveler, and the resources of the scientific and literary world at his disposal. [1] Although the book bore the daunting subtitle of A Sketch of a Physical Description of the Universe, and had an index that ran to more than 1,000 pages, the first volume sold out in two months, the work was translated into all major languages and sold hundreds of thousands of copies. "[29] Kirkus Reviews described the book as "Sagan at his best. Both book and series follow the same general structure - and both are concerned with illuminating the nature of the cosmos. Sagan's book explicitly supports the search for intelligent extraterrestrial life, as he believes the extraterrestrials will be able to spur an enormous change in life on Earth. [7] He also discusses the underlying premises of science by providing biographical anecdotes about many prominent scientists, placing their contributions in the broader context of the development of modern science. "[17] In 1981, Cosmos received the Hugo Award for Best Non-Fiction Book. [9] Humboldt's publisher claimed: "The demand is epoch-making. [1] Cosmos showed nature as a whole, not as unconnected parts.[5]. Its enthusiastic reception in England, where it came out in the Bohn Scientific Library in a translation by Elizabeth Leeves, particularly surprised him. Cosmos: A Personal Voyage is a thirteen-part television series written by Carl Sagan, Ann Druyan, and Steven Soter, with Sagan as presenter. It was only surpassed in the late 1980s by Stephen Hawking's A Brief History of Time (1988). [4] The book covers a broad range of topics, comprising Sagan's reflections on anthropological, cosmological, biological, historical, and astronomical matters from antiquity to contemporary times. [1], Twenty-five years after his exploration of the Americas, at the age of sixty, Humboldt undertook an extended tour, subsidized by the Tsar of Russia, into the interior of Asia. [21] Sagan has also been called the "most successful popularizing scientist of our time," for his ability to draw such a large and varied audience. [1], Widely read by academics and laymen, Cosmos applied the ancient Greek view of the orderliness of the cosmos (the harmony of the universe) to the Earth, suggesting that universal laws applied as well to the apparent chaos of the terrestrial world. [5] Sagan explores 15 billion years of cosmic evolution and the development of science and civilization. ", "Man for the Cosmos: Carl Sagan's Life and Legacy as Scientist, Teacher, and Skeptic", "Carl Sagan, an Astronomer Who Excelled at Popularizing Science, Is Dead at 62", https://www.smithsonianmag.com/science-nature/why-carl-sagan-truly-irreplaceable-180949818/, "Sci/Tech Carl Sagan: A life in the cosmos", "This View of Science: Stephen Jay Gould as Historian of Science and Scientific Historian, Popular Scientist and Scientific Popularizer", Carl Sagan Award for Public Appreciation of Science, Carl Sagan Prize for Science Popularization, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cosmos_(Sagan_book)&oldid=992417793, Hugo Award for Best Non-Fiction Book winning works, Articles with dead external links from July 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 5 December 2020, at 04:24. [4] His most enduring contribution to scientific progress, however, in his conception of the unity of science, nature, and mankind. [1] Spurred in part by the popularity of the TV series, Cosmos spent 50 weeks on the Publishers Weekly best-sellers list and 70 weeks on the New York Times Best Seller list to become the best-selling science book ever published at the time. [12], Humboldt is also credited with laying the foundations of physical geography, meteorology, and especially biogeography. [4] His studies related to many scientific fields, including botany, zoology, geology, and geography, as well as narratives of popular travel and discussions of political, economic, and social conditions. Sagan reiterates his position on extraterrestrial life—that the magnitude of the universe permits the existence of thousands of alien civilizations, but no credible evidence exists to demonstrate that such life has ever visited earth. Rec. [1] Between May and November 1829, Humboldt and his two subordinates, C.G. [5], Humboldt felt as if publishing Cosmos was a race against death. [1] On the whole, the final work followed the scheme of the Berlin lectures reasonably faithfully. Book parcels destined for London and St. Petersburg were torn out of our hands by agents who wanted their orders filled for the bookstores in Vienna and Hamburg." [3] Walt Whitman was said to have kept a copy of Cosmos on his desk for inspiration as he wrote Leaves of Grass, and Henry David Thoreau's Walden, like Eureka, was a response to Humboldt's ideas. Upon his return, Humboldt left the publication of the scientific results to Ehrenberg and Rose, while his own work — a three-volume descriptive geography entitled Asie Centrale — did not appear until many years later. Read, and Calif. 1980 answers to American-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic Crossword puzzles topics who wrote the book cosmos! 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